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  • David Lloyd

Trent 301 - Beginnings

Updated: Jun 30


Summer 1975. The Bee Gees faded in and out, and a friendly voice told me I was listening to an 'IBA test'; long before I knew much about the Independent Broadcasting Authority, or indeed test transmissions.


Trent was the thirteenth independent local radio station to come on-air, having won the franchise against 'Radio Robin Hood'; and it was big news in my home City. John Peters was its first voice.


The franchise-holder enjoyed a variety of local shareholders, as the regulator demanded, including three trade unions, the Co-Op and the Nottingham Evening Post, for which a shareholding had to be reserved to help protect the press from this annoying newcomer.


301 was based just yards from the most important amenity for any disc-jockey: Marks & Sparks. Its home, the rambling Burlington House on Castle Gate, was a 1794 pair of dwelling houses, which had been united for a host of purposes over the years, most notably as a women's hospital from 1875. The ample basement, carved out of Nottingham's caves was ideal for a studio suite which would pass muster with a crusty IBA engineer. It had also been pretty useful as a morgue.

The early commercial stations appeared to divide between those with BBC genes and those with a music radio influence. Trent, like the mischievous Beacon in Wolverhampton, was the latter, with pirate DNA mixed with a healthy injection of Luxy and the biscuit factory network, UBN, thanks to the likes of Bob Snyder as programme chief; and John Peters, Chris Baird and Peter Quinn on the air. Kid Jensen, hotfoot from Radio Luxembourg added a 'known name'; and Jeff Cooper brought polish from Piccadilly and Radio 2. Guy Morris and local lad Pete Wagstaff were the two fresh-faced recruits; and their later careers suggest they were wise choices. Clive Tyldesley was a humble sports trainee.


In the office, sat Trent's first Managing Director, Dennis Maitland. Dennis was one of the generation who transferred from the pirate ships to the earliest land-based licensed commercial stations.


Trent was, accordingly, unlikely to be quite what the doctor ordered for those who expected the new generation of stations to have Corporation symptoms. Whilst some of the new commercial stations recruited pseudo-continuity announcers to host programmes in stentorian fashion punctuated by sing-song jingles, Trent sounded like a decent music station from Day One.

There was a target audience: 'a West Bridgford housewife aged 28'; jocks with great voices; great newsreaders (as well as journalists); well-produced local ads; and a music policy: "Mainstream pop, over and towards contemporary sounds..forty oldies a day, mainly during the peak housewife listening times".


The station had decent jingles at launch too. Apart from some forgetting to mention the station name. The catchy 'Sounds Like You Want To Hear' theme, composed by hit-maker Johnny Arthey, with vocalists such as Tony Burrows on vocals, was to be the soundtrack to Nottingham's warmest summers. The ident packages were sufficiently impressive to prompt me to phone-in to ask the Programme Director about them on his Boxing Day show in 1976.


Evolution & Revolution


Trent's early on-air smoothness was a contrast to behind the scenes turmoil. Given these were the '70s, there was industrial strife, sit-ins, sackings and shenanigans. In June 76, the regulator put its foot down and declined to 'roll' the station's franchise into the next year.

The station moved speedily through a succession of very different Programme Controllers, each putting his spin on the station. Bob made way a little abruptly for Neil Spence, another ex-Radio London stalwart (as Dave Dennis), who then handed the leathern chair to Bev Smith from ATV; the latter two now, sadly, no longer with us. Having been Rock-oriented, and not hit-led, the station moved through an MOR phase and Popped out the other end. What it did have though, surprising for its time, was a music policy of sorts; and a rare and healthy appreciation of what record sales figures did and did not represent.


For me, things got more exciting in 1977. Maybe I was just growing up. An influx of the likes of Len Groat and Steve Merike heralded a new excitement, complementing the stalwarts. Like most wannabe presenters, I subconsciously adopted a slice of each of them as my model.


By the late '70s, Trent had begun to find itself on-air, and the audience graphs were trending well, although the station still attracted dirty looks from the regulator. Enter Ron Coles as MD and Chris Hughes, stage left, in his long coat, as Programme Controller to put the business in order in 1980. As Ron Coles outlined here in one of my 'Conversations' series, Trent was at real risk of being shut down.

1982 saw the station again losing money (-£73k). Staffing levels were scrutinised - and the former BBC duo layered on the substance the regulator sought, whilst retaining the station's character and professionalism.


The Careline arrived, with community talk of trestle tables and venereal disease - and our Features Department produced all manner of short items of 'meaningful speech' of three minutes' duration. It mattered little what the content of those was.


Music programming was tight, with the usual hourly format clocks, albeit drawn in Biro around a plate from the Trent first-floor kitchen. Songs were selected from two wooden boxes of vinyl in the studio, which would alternate show by show. Each was separated into: A (hit); B (softer and lower rotation); C (not quite good enough to be A or B); and D (oddities you missed out if you possibly could). On Fridays, my show had an hour of oldies - just to give the librarian time to change the playlist. This was the analogue version of Selector, the software Trent would import with enthusiasm in the mid '80s, which churned out the song listings on a noisy dot matrix printer.


If I were to suggest the station bought more jingles than any other station ever in the '80s, I'd likely be right. Radio companies were required to spend a proportion of revenue on musicians, so that latent cash was deployed on paying talented cellists from Macclesfield to play on rather more jingles than might have otherwise been commissioned. Some were long too, but usefully filled the gap to news.


A First Trent Payslip

After abrupt, typed rejection letters from literally every station in the UK, I was taken on at Trent in 1980 by Head of Presentation Len Groat after sending in a novel demo on a 5" spool bearing a neat DYMO label. He persuaded the acting MD, Tony Churcher, that I might be a useful Broadcast Assistant (£3,047 p.a.). Tony agreed 'so long as he starts to dress properly'.


Early duties included compiling the travel news: I can still recall the AA's phone number. On my old manual typewriter, using two fingers, I'd also hammer out crucial details of the latest Ruddington jumble sales onto pink 'info cards'. On exciting days, I'd make up Dale Winton's horoscopes, if the letter from the psychic failed to arrive.


The cue-burn of Dexy's Midnight Runners kicked off my sweaty-palm on-air debut in March 1980. I was afforded a painful 45 minutes betwixt the end of some football match (Ajax v Forest, I recall) and the next programme. It was truly, truly awful. Having been given my new radio name, I forgot it. On arrival home on the bus afterwards, my mother observed helpfully: 'it didn't go very well, did it'. Whenever I hear presenters finding their feet on-air, I think back to those days and offer humble thanks that I was allowed to be awful for sufficiently long to get better.

I was not the only one to change their name. We had just emerged from the double-first name phase which had lent John Peters the name by which he garnered his reputation; and now we were into names which sounded right when sung on jingles. Len Groat, the man who'd taken his name from Newcastle's Groat market when at Metro Radio, had the bright idea of adopting local place names. Hence Gary Burton was named after Burton on Trent. Any jobbing jock doing a few overnight shifts risked leaving with a new name. The policy became a rich seam of amusement for 'Head of Culture', John Shaw, whom we sadly lost in 2013.

The place was riddled with real characters. Not least Dale, who would arrive seconds before his show, his large frame clad in an army jump-suit. Even back then, he was designing his future part in TV history and, to his credit, he realised his dream to the letter.


By the mid 80s, Trent was swinging; and a station to which everyone aspired. Dale departed suddenly in a typically dramatic fashion; a tale told with a flourish in his book. I was elevated to his hallowed turf, having presented the mongrel music and talk lunchtime show for a couple of years. I delivered a honeyed and indulgent morning show, yet one which, in time, I too would be tearfully sorry to leave.


By day, I was the bleached blond disc jockey, commanding huge audiences, wearing a blue silken jacket with my name embroidered on the nipple. By night, I'd manage to scrape a bus fare home to mum and dad's. Mum seemed to feel OK about my chosen career, although was not much impressed with the Nolans and Dooleys; or missing her Waggoners' Walk.


Challenges and choices


Industrial action featured a lot in Trent's early days, much as it did at LBC and Beacon. During an ABS strike in my time, the station was famously run by 'management' for a few heady days. The MD, Ron Coles, was on 'news duty'. One of his bulletins reported: 'well, we've phoned round the emergency services and all is quiet'. No news is good news, I guess. As an innocent , nervous 19 year old, I was warned I'd risk my career forever if I passed through the picket line; whilst the MD called me at home suggesting I either show up for work or join the union.


The earlier strikes were more serious affairs, very much of a '70s flavour, with placard-wielding strikers and a 1976 lock out of both presenters and journalists when they reported for work after a pay dispute. On another occasion, a mandatory union meeting was convened in the studio - lasting 36 hours. Food parcels had to be smuggled in to the building under siege, to fuel the protesters.

Dave Newman headed the newsroom by the '80s: a 'posh' ex Daily Mail journalist of stature, who would demand that, for the bigger stories, we 'take the wagon'. 'The wagon' being a converted dirty white Vauxhall Chevette OB vehicle with a bent aerial, submerged in Spangles wrappers. Canadian, Jon Darby, was another long-haired member of the '70s news-team, perhaps best-remembered for the day he clashed with Hughie Green, fresh from the talent show 'Opportunity Knocks'.


A Trent tradition led to every departing journalist affixing the DYMO label from their old pigeon hole to a long list on the side of a bookshelf, with their time served scribbled alongside. One read 'three hours'. She'd gone on out on a story, never to return.


The daily off-air chemistry between Dale and Peter Tait was a delight to witness. Dale would wave his right arm dismissively as Peter delivered a funny bitch: "Peeeeee - taaaaaaa. If only you were that funny on the air". I find it incredible that both those people are no longer with us.


My old yellow phone, with its tangled lead and dial, would ring at 1030 a.m. with Dale summoning me to segue three songs in his show as he disappeared for ablutions. To the listeners, the burst of uninterrupted music was trumpeted as the 'The Coffee Break'. Music segues needed an alibi back then; and as Steve Merike pointed out, if you played two songs back to back, presenters and listeners suspected you were ill. It was the pirate Laser 558 in 1984 which prompted commercial radio to play more songs routinely per hour - with the Trent device being two hour long segue-driven shows called 'The Music Jam'.

Trent boasted a huge vinyl record library (or gram library, as the BBC refugees called it). The room was overseen for many years by the indomitable Jane Morrell, self-dubbed 'The Wicked Witch of the Library'. Most of the hit songs had got 'lost' over the years, so it was useful that the majority of us had assembled our own vinyl record collections. Others resorted to the library's paltry pickings, which explains why Tony Lyman would play '7,000 Dollars and You' repeatedly by the Stylistics and none of their bigger hits. Whilst we were given free choice of oldies (but instructed about the decade from which to choose); the novelty soon wore off.


The station rejected charts at the outset, later adopting a novel chart which started at Number One and worked backwards. In time, its own Trent Top 30 arrived, echoed later in the day eventually by the Network Chart, which brought the voice of Kid Jensen back on 301 after an eight year gap. John Peters hosted the Trent chart for many years, and later Danny Cox. It was to achieve one of the peak audiences of the week. As ever with charts, timing was crucial, given you must leave time to play all the top hits in their entirety. Timing calculations back then were manual, and a real challenge, perfectly discharged by Messrs Peters and Cox.

One other chart challenge was tracking down all the singles required, given that Trent wisely did not play them all in normal programming. John Peters would become more and more irate if he could not find the ones needed. On one occasion, believing the Number 27 to be in a locked filing cabinet, he pulled off the front of it with brute force.


'Needletime' was a prickly subject. The copyright bodies imposed tough limits on how much music stations could play. That policy was one reason why most stations, even the BBC nationals, closed down at night. Whilst the Beeb had the might and influence to arrange live sessions with big name artists; commercial stations just had to plan well.


Accordingly, on October 4th 1980, when Trent took the 24 hour plunge, we were afforded three or four 'proper songs' to play each hour overnight, supplemented by lots of off-mic feature tapes from lucky syndication companies, and a box of 'non needletime' tracks. These ranged from 'I'm Not in Love' played by a symphony orchestra; to a few hits on obscure labels. I looked forward to playing Mississippi by Pussycat every night on the Sonet label when I hosted that show, as I so often did. The ancient needletime restrictions, originally framed to preserve the income for live musicians as radio itself was born, were to last until July 1990.


Characters

Singalong Colin was a real character, albeit eventually not quite suited to the contemporary station Trent was turning into. I vividly recall arriving to take over from him one day at 6.00 am, so see him doing his final link in his Duffel coat, the studio almost in darkness, with the angle-poise lamp on an upturned waste paper bin. The lights had fused, and he needed to rush off swiftly after the show as he had another job to go to at a local newsagent's. Trent always sounded a million dollars, whatever was going on behind the scenes. Thanks to Colin too for sharing with me the trick, which he suggested Guy Morris had shown him, about a convenient makeshift loo just behind the fire exit.


Like many stations back then, Trent was huge in its City. Reception, with its obscene blue and white curtains was always brimming with visiting listeners in headscarves; and presenters were invited to be the 'star' guests at all manner of local events . I fell some way behind John and Dale in the pecking order, so if they were unavailable, I hopped on the bus to conduct gala and coffee morning openings. We'd sign photographs and pose for pics and draw the inevitable lengthy raffle, usually planned for six hours after arrival.


Spreading its Wings


In securing the neighbouring Leicester Sound franchise from the detritus of Centre Radio; launching the Trent 945 Derbyshire spin-off; turning on a huge 24 hour AM station; before merging with the West Midlands stations; then floating on the stock market in 1990; Trent became the heart of the largest radio group outside London. It could have emerged as the Global of today, but for a different throw of the dice.


The extension into Leicester came as that City's first commercial station, Centre Radio, failed. Following the frustration of a failed rescue bid, Trent purchased Centre's luxurious home from the liquidators in the expectation it would be awarded the new franchise, which it was - launching in September '84.


Trent was able extend into Derbyshire with less risk; its franchise area was simply extended by the IBA at a time it was thought no sane person would apply for a licence just for that rural County. In my Conversations series, however, Ron Coles explained to me just how challenging the Derbyshire extension proved to be, thanks to regulatory complications.


In launching 'Trent 945', as a part-day opt-out from 'Trent 999' in Nottingham, Trent unwittingly started the brand spread we know today. The Derby station was later to be branded 'Ram FM' under GWR management.

Diversification into Derby and Leicester brought the challenges of networking during shared programmes. The presenter sitting in Nottingham would broadcast to three different areas, with separate ads and jingles fired to the different transmitters. Whilst commonplace now, it was ground-breaking back then. What's more, it was all handled manually, with each individual item laced onto a separate tape cartridge. Programmes operated technically at the very edge of what was humanly possible, with presenter losing pounds running around to select and replace the hundreds of cartridges from Lazy Susan in the course of a show.


If that were not enough, we split links too. I recall getting in at 4.30 a.m. for the Saturday Derby/Nottingham shared breakfast show to record bits for both shows which I could fire in as live. Each link was recorded on reel to reel tape - and then I'd rush up three flights of stairs to put each one on a separate tape cart. As a typical jock, I'd relish the challenge and took pride in making things as complex as I could. Only the anoraks knew how much trouble I'd gone to in pursuit of a mention for a Uttoxeter garden party.

Trent chose to take early advantage of the regulator's 'use it or lose it' steer and separated its AM from its FM in October 1988, creating 'GEM.AM', a name coined by Len Groat as a clever acronym for the Great East Midlands. The format was oldies, spiced with an ocean of fresh jingles sung over groovy PAMS tracks; and GEM.AM became the first UK 24 hour totally separate AM oldies station. John Peters bid farewell to his breakfast FM audience and transferred to sail on the medium wave.


The GEM launch day was memorable for all of us, as we sought to deliver Ron's dream of a dawn Olympic run round the East Midlands culminating in a firework moment in bustling Nottingham. The reality on a cold Autumn day was more prosaic with good old Trevor Hawes and colleagues running shifts whilst we followed behind in the battered Leicester Sound nicotine-coloured Cortina, arriving at a Broad Marsh Centre car park to be greeted by one client, two listeners and a lone firework. On-air it sounded a million dollars.

GEM.AM was to be a huge success, attaining impressive audiences. As was the case with others, notably Magic 828 in Leeds and Xtra AM in Birmingham, the tightly-defined oldies services were to fare better than their FM counterparts. The UK's FM stations arguably hurried too far to the contemporary left and acted as if a house from which someone has removed a load-bearing wall, as they lost established presenters and familiar oldies. Trent FM was to be fortunate, however, in that it was not to incur focused mainstream FM music radio competition until the 106/Century regional East Midlands licence evolved into Heart in 2005.


Trent presenters came and went. It was always a station to aspire to. Remarkably, many of the presenters over the years were home-grown. Derby's Dick Stone and Gary Burton, Newark's Anne-Marie Minhall, Wymeswold's John Shaw, Nottingham's Paul Robey and the inimitable Rob Wagstaff, brother of Pete who'd been there in the early days. 'Rob's Nightlife Gang' was a great example of how to seize and involve a generation in the mid evening daypart. Rob, in turn, involved youngsters in that show who themselves embarked on a radio career, such as Richard Murdoch, later to become a gifted BBC producer on major shows.


Solder and Cigarette Ash


The majority of shows pulsed from the roomy Studio A; a darkened underground hovel, smelling of cigarette smoke and decorated with red and brown acoustic tiles. It was illuminated by an angle-poise and a touch of daylight escaping down the fire escape. The studio was equipped with Technics turntables (after the Gates were retired); ITC triple stacks; and a sturdy and expensive Neve mixer with a puzzling 'solo' facility,where songs were pre-faded with the fader up. The mic sound powered through and was the best I've ever heard on any station. Again oddly, however, it required the ritual of a sticky label being stuck two thirds of the way up the fader to get the optimum level.


Through a couple of heavy red doors lay MCR - the 'Master Control Room', so-called as the designers originally felt that all signals from the main studio would need to pass through a second studio to be monitored by someone other than a disc jockey before transmission. MCR became a back-up and production studio, boasting a telephone balance unit the size of a fridge.


Through the racks room, Al Bailey's commercial 'Prod 1' studio (which was later to bear his name in honour) was well equipped with wisely padlocked equipment; and Production 2 completed the Trent facilities, with an odd mixer and a trio of battered tape machines for those more sophisticated effects. Studios were always in demand and whenever an irate memo arrived with some new booking system, one knew that there'd been yet another scrap.

Geoff Woodward, sadly no longer with us, headed a large team of engineers from the start. A little fiery at times, but hugely knowledgeable, he insisted on the very best facilities for Trent, and was very much of the old-school.


DAMS, Trent's first digital playout system, for ads only, was installed in 1985. The poor thing got too hot when originally installed and refused to function. The project was to take many more months of Dave West & Geoff prodding before it functioned successfully. It was the first of many bits of new kit to be nailed onto the original woodwork over the years, the end result being a metaphor for the complex commercial radio network itself.


Pennies from Heaven


I regret now how little I knew of Trent's sales operation, which had numbered five executives at launch. Back then, 'the sales team' sat behind closed doors; and commercial airtime was similarly insulated from the remainder of programming on-air. We heard tales though, including the one about the exec who used to cut the hair of the Sales Director in his office.


Trent turned over £326k in 1976, rising to £460k and £612k in the next two years, cracking the million mark by 1979, three years after Piccadilly and Clyde.


We humble jocks were handed a hand-written and photocopied ad-log listing the ads to be played. Until the IBA uncovered the 'co-funding' (sponsorship) loophole under duress, there was no other commercial content within programmes.


Trent was confined to nine minutes of airtime advertising per hour at the outset, and floggings in Brompton Road were administered by the IBA to any stations which breached the limit. Back then, listeners had few stations to flick to when the breaks began, so the ads are remembered as fondly as the presenters. Quality was high, thanks to Al Bailey at the outset, and the growing team of impressive writers. We recall the great Cameo Cameras ad; Terry Thorne shouting his own offers at Fossett and Thorne; Barrie Noble; and the gifted Evening Post award-winning 'elephant ad'.


Presenters were blissfully unaware of the company's financial position - until recession bit and jobs were lost. Trent boasted around fifteen journalists at the outset; and even by my time in the '80s, the newsroom was complemented by the features department of a further six. We did not suffer today's DAB transmission overheads; AM brought sufficient audiences to justify its platform expense; competitive marketing and competitor talent battles were absent; there were no 'online' bills or revenue threats; the BBC was a less competitive force; and we were the only station in town. Predator companies could not pounce to acquire; and 'excess profit' was shaved off and handed back to the regulator for distribution to worthy radio projects. For those who had invested in the early stations from their own pockets, this was a peculiar form of capitalism.


On Reflection

On-air, Trent surfed periods of greatness, and its grey spells. So many broadcasters have a station they regard with the fondness I have for Trent. Some stations just have a 'spirit' that no management, identity or individual presenters can change.


Long after my time, the station had more great spells and was regarded as an impressive - and profitable - station. Awards aplenty too, thanks to the likes of Jo & Twiggy, whose breakfast act reigned for a decade. Twiggy waved farewell two and a half years after the station changed brands in June 2013. Mark Dennison ruled mid-mornings for a generation.


If you really think, though, that everything back in the old days on any station was perfect; just try listening back objectively to cassettes of the over-long links and successive songs you just don't recognise. Non-competitive days, with BBC Radio 1 marooned on AM and BBC Radio 2 playing pan-pipes, made for a simpler life. But, even back then, there were years when the station lost money.


Evidence suggests that breakfast shows today on most well-programmed stations are much more focused on what the listener wants than they were in the early ILR days, and certainly more carefully crafted. Let's be honest, show prep in the '80s did not take long.


In the end, the audience decide. After an understandably slow start, Trent began to show progress in audience figures by '77; and by Spring '86, it was punching a healthy 37% reach in its area according to JICRAR, then the audience measurement currency.


Interestingly, looking back, even when simulcast on AM and FM - and the lone provider of mainstream music on FM - Trent was still then just losing the reach battle against an AM-only Radio 1. Trent's first taste of commercial competition was self-induced, via its own AM service. This gave a taste of things to come as Trent, like so many heritage ILR stations, was challenged to find a definition for its FM service, alongside the beautifully-defined AM formats.


In 2020, UK commercial radio overall now attracts around 36m listeners a week (W1 2020, Rajar, UK TSA), double the figure it enjoyed 30 years ago.


In the East Midlands, almost three quarters of a million more listeners turn to commercial radio now (W1 2020) each week, compared with the last Jicrar audience survey in 1992.


These comparisons are apples and pears, conveniently ignoring the Jicrar/Rajar changes; population growth and any TSA changes; but they certainly take into account there are more stations around. This spartan page from the Trent JICRAR Spring '86 results illustrates that very point. The comparable 'station by station' page in 21st Century audience figures stretches to three pages.


And finally


Trent and I parted in 1987. She'd been my first love. This is my catharsis. If you have more memories, "call me now on Nottingham 581881, that's 0602 581881". Or, more usefully, just Tweet.


For me, and for many Castle Gaters, Trent's memories will live on forever. Thankfully, there's no lack of people getting just as enthusiastic about forging a career in audio nowadays. For my part, I'm as excited about the present and about the future as I was in 1980.

The Trent years ended at the beginning of 2011. Her final Programme Director was Dick Stone, whose broadcasting life had begun at Castle Gate. 'Dick in the Morning' was the last of just seven architects of programming in Trent's eventful history. Dick carried out the union of Trent, Ram and Leicester Sound under the well-programmed Capital brand as an East Midlands regional station; and took commercial radio into a new era. Mind you, judging by the number of mentions of Leicestershire, Derbyshire and Lincolnshire back in the 70s and 80s, as an only child back then, Trent had always put its arm round the whole region.


The UK's thirteenth commercial station had adopted the guise of the second.


For eight years, Capital broadcast from bright new premises just a few feet from the ancient Trent building - owned by then by the UK's biggest radio player, Global Radio. Much as I treasure the Trent memories, I believe the scale and ambition of companies like Global is crucial if commercial radio is to continue to thrive, as UK radio faces the challenges ahead.


2019 saw the end of local programming from Nottingham on 96.2, as Capital Nottingham was amalgamated with Capital in Birmingham to form Capital East Midlands. At a 21% reach in Nottinghamshire (W1 2020) - it remains a mighty station in the market.


Trent's birthplace on Castle Gate is now once again full of life - or at least it will be again post-COVID - thanks to the Base 51 project - with studios for NGY Myplace restored in the basement. Sadly, the famous front door is now almost redundant. For the many folk who passed through that door over the years, the Trent years will never be forgotten. Always colourful, always dramatic; and a certain spirit which transcended its many different eras and owners. Those days are remembered fondly too by listeners of a certain age, who readily confess, as do I, to having listened to it "before it started officially".


Grab my full, fond account of the Trent days in my autobiographical book 'Radio Moments' - a very personal and candid canter through the last fifty years of this great medium, as a listener - then a presenter and ultimately a manager - through my days at Trent, Leicester Sound, Lincs FM, Century, Galaxy, LBC and Virgin, diverting through spells as a regulator and as a BBC staff member.


Plus, the tales from Orion Media, inheriting some 1970s stations and trying to get them fit for this century in a fast-changing world.


Radio Moments - Available now in paperbook or ebook.




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